ur skin is the first line of defense in protecting the body from environmental changes that are constant. Far too often, the attention skin needs is only realized after its integrity has been disrupted. It is important to be aware of factors that affect the characteristics of the skin in order to apply the proper proactive strategies in protecting and preventing damage to its integrity. These factors include aging, bathing, cleansers, dryness, friction, lotions, moisturizers, nutrition, soaps, and shearing forces.
The skin is the largest organ of the body, it constitutes approximately 10 percent of the body's weight. The skin's functions include protection, sensation, thermoregulation, metabolism, excretion and communication.
he Skin is comprised of two layers, an outer epidermis and an inner dermis, which is anchored to muscle and bone by the connective tissue. The epidermis is thin, avascular and normally regenerates every 4 to 6 weeks. Its primary function is to maintain the body's skin integrity, acting as a physical barrier to toxic agents, dirt, bacteria, microorganisms, and physical insults. The pH of the skin is slightly acidic, this helps in preventing microorganisms form becoming pathogenic.
The epidermis is layered with cells, called keratinocytes or epidermal cells, and is comprised of five sublayers. The first is called the stratum corneum, composed of keratinocytes that are filled with the durable protein keratin and function as a protective barrier.
Following the stratum corneum is the stratum lucidum, stratum granulosum, stratum spinosum, and lastly, the stratum germinativum or the basal cell layer. This fifth sublayer is anchored to the second thicker layer of skin, the dermis.
The dermis provides strength, support, blood, and oxygen to the skin. Deep in the dermis are the sweat glands, sebaceous glands, hair follicles, and small fat cells. Sebum, secreted by the sebaceous glands, maintains hydration of the skin by providing a protective lipid layer, which minimizes fluid loss through the epidermis.
Hypodermis, also known as the superficial fascia, attaches the dermis to the underlying structures. Its function is to promote an ongoing blood supply to the dermis for regeneration.
The process of aging has the potential to alter the immune, cardiovascular, respiration, and interaugmentary systems. As such, it purports that as people age, the skin ages too. Aging causes the dermis to decrease in thickness and stiffen due to the cross-linking of collagen.
Epidemermal regeneration increases with age, leaving the skin at great risk for irritation. Sensation and metabolism decrease during aging, as do subcutaneous tissue, sweat glands, and vascularity, which cumulatively affect the thermoregulatory system.
The junction between the epidermis and dermis also changes in the aging process, affecting skin integrity. The weakness of this leaves the skin more vulnerable to mechanical trauma. Additionally, the hypodermis thins, leaving skin vulnerable to mechanical trauma.
Finally, the wrinkling of the skin that can be clearly visible occurs as a result of the loss, thinning, and cross-linking of underlying tissues
There are many variables that play an important role in cleansing strategies. The use of certain soaps and cleansers for washing may promote dry skin. The frequency of cleaning should be individualized according to need and preference. It is recommended that hot water should be avoided and a mild cleansing agent that minimizes irritation and dryness be used. During the cleansing process, care should be taken to minimize the force and friction applied to the skin.
Daily activities result in metabolic waste and environmental contaminants accumulating on the skin. For maximum skin vitality, these potential irritating substances should be removed frequently. To minimize thermal injury to the skin, wash using only water that is comfortable, which is slightly warm to the skin.
During cleansing, some of the skin's "natural barrier" is removed. The more the barrier is removed, the drier the skin becomes and the more susceptible it is to external irritants. Under most conditions, the skin is minimally soiled and can be properly cleansed with a very mild cleansing agent that does not disrupt this skin's natural barrier
ry skin has been reported to affect between 60 and 80 percent of the aging population. Factors contributing the presence of dry skin include humidity, loss of sebum, age, excessive perspiration, sun exposure, smoking, stress, and dehydration. Dry skin is the loss of moisture from the stratum corneum. Losing this moisture leaves the stratum corneum less pliable and more prone to skin alterations, such as cracking. Dry skin may appear cracked, rough, scaly, flaked, chapped, and itchy.
In order to improve dry skin there is a need to minimize environmental factors that lead to dryness of the skin. Two environmental factors that promote dry skin are low humidity, less than 40 percent, and exposure to the cold. Decreased skin hydration leads to fissuring and cracking of the skin's stratum corneum. To remedy dry skin and facilitate hydration, skin should be treated with high quality topical moisturizers. The use of cleansers and soaps also promote dry skin. A quality mild skin cleanser and gentle skin cleansing with the fingertips are recommended.
The force of friction pulls back the skin of the body, while the weight of the body slides it forward. This activity occurs from clothing and bed linens when skin moves across their rough surface. Shearing forces occur when the skeletal frame sides down towards the foot of the mattress, while the skin remains in a fixed position on the bed linens. Often friction causes abrasions on the skin and is a contributing factor to the epidermal stripping of the skin. In order to prevent mechanical stripping and protect the skin, a moisturizer should be used to decrease friction and reduce shear especially at nighttime and during sleep.
The appropriate use of topical skin care products is essential to maintain the skin's suppleness and to prevent skin dehydration and maceration. It is recommended that skin exposure to moisture, such as perspiration, be minimized, since moisture can make skin more susceptible to injury by drying the skin. A moisturizer should be used as a barrier to moisture to protect the skin.
Maintaining the integrity of the skin is critical in skin care. Products, such as moisturizers, should be selected based on the quality formulary ingredients they contain in order not to compromise the health of the skin.
Moisturizers are most often applied to hydrate dry skin. They are available in such forms as creams, lotions, bath oils, ointments, and pastes.
Creams are preparations of oil in water. The main component of a cream is water, making them effective for hydrating the skin. Lotions are comprised of powder crystals dissolved in water. They are held in suspension by surface active agents. Lotions produce a coolant effect on the skin, as they hydrate the skin. Bath oils are mixed with tap water, and their hydration properties are not much different than tap water itself. Ointments are comprised of water in an oil base. Typical oil components are either lanolin or petrolatum. Ointments are generally characterized by their occlusive properties. Pastes are created when powders are added to ointments. Pastes are more viscous than ointments and are more difficult to use.
It is important to understand the use and purpose of skin care products in order to use them effectively in maintain the integrity and health of the skin. Use them proactively rather than reactively for maximum benefit.
he ultimate goal is to find ways of preventing the innate aging of the skin. Beauty Classics® research and its Pharmacist “Pharmaceutically” formulated products in combination with other scientific research has now made it possible to offer Highest Quality skin care product Formulations that are truly anti-aging. All products are not made the same. The difference in Skin Care Products is in the Ingredients and the Formulary ratios necessary to achieve Maximum Outcomes in the care of the Skin so as to maintain youth for a maximum relativity of time.
Managing Dry Skin
Apply and Rub it in with the seasons
In the autumn the skin gets so dry, as the invigorating air, the crunch of dry leaves underfoot begin it makes those brittle maple leaves feel moist in comparison. No wonder our skin dries out fast in the fall and winter, as daylight and warm temperatures wane, so does the humidity. And the dry air sucks heavily the moisture right out of our outer Skin layer, leaving our skin as dry as a desert plain.
An essential first line of defense against dry, itchy skin (next to a humidifier in your home, of course) is a good moisturizer. "An oil-free moisturizer is recommended for those who tend to break out,those with sensitive skin should choose a moisturizer without perfumes or lanolin."
Whatever lotion you settle on, the important thing is to use it every day.
The less time you spend under the shower nozzle, the better off your skin will be.
Bathe in cool to tepid water as briefly as possible and no more than once a day.
While you're in there, lather up with a mild, moisturizing soap; skip deodorant soaps, since they often rinse away moisture along with dirt.
Get a handle on your Towel
No matter how good your moisturizer is, it can't do its job if there's no moisture there to work with. That's why it's a good idea to apply it after you step out of the shower. A couple of pats with a towel will make you as dry as you want to be before you apply the lotion. The idea is to trap a little water in the skin, and that's the fundamental rule in fighting off dryness.
Dress Like a Skateboarder
Be ware of Tight clothing. Opt for something a bit more baggy during dry-skin season because, Tight clothing are more abrasive, and they trap perspiration, which, in turn, softens the outer layer of skin, breaks down its protective barrier and makes dry skin even drier. Looser-fitting clothing allow sweat to be absorbed naturally (cotton works best, since it "breathes").
moothing Out the Lines
The Skin is like a brand-new pair of underwear. In the beginning, the elastic is snug and resilient, stretching and snapping right back into place. But after years of wear and tear, pulling and tugging and exposure to the elements, that elastic gradually gives, until one day...well, it's time to get a new pair of underwear.
We wish that we could get new skin, too. Because after years of our laughing, crying, rubbing and, worst of all, sunning, our skin begins to give as well.
In fact, if it weren't for sun exposure our skin would stay relatively smooth into our eighties. That's why a Pharmacist’sand Dermatologist's first recommendation for wrinkle prevention is: Get out of the sun.
Sun exposure damages skin inside and out. First, it attacks the epidermis, the thin, outermost tier of skin, forming a layer of dead cells that give skin a leathery appearance. Then it progressively damages the upper layers of the dermis, or the bulk of the skin, leaving them thinner, less resilient and more susceptible to wrinkling. Over time, the collagen and elastin fibers that form the dermis also break down, causing gradual drooping and sagging.
Fortunately, Pharmacist’s and Dermatologist’s say, the appearance of a few crow's-feet and laugh lines doesn't mean that you're on a slippery slope to Wrinkle City. By protecting yourself from the sun, shunning cigarettes and eating right, you can prevent many new wrinkles from occurring. You can also do some wrinkle erasing as well. The most important aspects in getting rid of wrinkles once they've formed are some vitamin-derived compounds that are applied topically.
Though not as well-established in the anti-wrinkle business as vitamin A, vitamin C, is a nutrient known for its importance in the manufacture of collagen, it is being touted by some experts as a key player in keeping the complexion smooth.
"Vitamin C is essential for connective tissue in the body, especially for the layer where the collagen that maintains the integrity of your skin is made," "That's why people who eat adequate diets look younger than people who don't."
Adequate vitamin C is not enough to prevent wrinkles. The Daily Values are set incredibly low. They are enough to keep you from getting deficiency diseases but not enough to repair and maintain aging skin. What is generally recommended is a daily vitamin C dosage of 300 to 500 milligrams. And if you smoke, you really need to boost your vitamin C intake, because smoking appears to deplete vitamin C levels as well as promote wrinkles.
The topical use of high-concentration vitamin C cream for people who are concerned about getting enough vitamin C into their skin through diet alone is highly recommended. This is especially true for older people and for those who have a lot of sun exposure. Their circulation tends to be impaired at the periphery, so it's harder for dietary vitamin C to get into the skin.
Topical vitamin C has also been shown to prevent the free radical skin damage that occurs following exposure to ultraviolet rays from the sun. Free radicals are unstable molecules that steal electrons from your body's healthy molecules to balance themselves. If left unchecked, free radicals can cause significant tissue damage and contribute to premature wrinkling.
It's possible that topical vitamin C, when used in conjunction with sunscreen, could prevent a significant amount of the wrinkling caused by sun exposure.
A 10 percent vitamin C creamC-SkinPlex™ cream by Beauty Classics® is available without a prescription in our Pharmacist Formulary Products List. It should be applied 15 to 30 minutes prior to sun exposure, along with sunscreen, for best results, says Dr.Fonjungo our formulary Pharmacist.
For a burst of vitamin C in your diet, you can go the traditional orange juice and citrus route, or you can create a vegetable medley of broccoli, brussels sprouts and red bell peppers. But take note: If you want sun damage protection, don't count on being able to eat enough vitamin C. "You can't get enough into your skin without applying it topically.
Stopping Wrinkles with Vitamin E
Vitamin E, another free radical fighting antioxidant, can also prevent skin damage from sun exposure when used topically, say researchers. But they recommend it for post-sun use rather than pre-sun use.
Vitamin E oil, applied up to eight hours after sun exposure, can prevent inflammation and skin damage. But save it for after you come inside, as vitamin E itself can produce free radicals when exposed to ultraviolet light. A High Quality USP Grade Vitamin E oil E-SkinPlex™ by Beauty Classics® is available without a prescription in our Pharmacist Formulary products List.
For additional sun damage protection, try taking vitamin E supplements. 400 international units daily in the form of d-alpha-tocopherol, available in your neighborhood Pharmacy, is recommended. Although studies of oral vitamin E and wrinkles still need to be done, the supplements can help reduce photodamage and keep skin healthier.
Vitamin E rich foods include wheat germ, spinach and sunflower seeds.
Selenium Wrinkle Prevention
Like vitamin E, the mineral selenium quenches free radicals caused by sun exposure and prevents solar damage. But because selenium is found in the soil and its concentrations vary nationwide, some people may get adequate amounts, while others are deficient. People in the Southeast United States in particular tend to have low selenium levels.
For optimum skin protection, daily supplements of 50 to 200 micrograms of selenium (preferably the l-selenomethionine form) is recommended, depending on where you live and your family history of skin cancer. Because selenium can be toxic in doses of more than 100 micrograms daily, it's best to supplement high amounts only under medical supervision.
For a high dietary boost of selenium, do tuna, as one three-ounce can packs 99 micrograms. Other good sources include garlic, onions and broccoli.
Question most dermatologists to tell you the best foods for healthy skin, and their answer will likely be "just eat a good, nutritious diet." There is, they say, one big dietary factor that can contribute to wrinkles.
Go easy on the spirits. Making too much merry can make your skin...well, very unmerry. Not only does that morning-after puffiness contribute to wrinkles, but alcohol also dehydrates you, which is anything but good for your skin, especially if you're using topical vitamin A (Retin-A ). Like smoking or unprotected exposure to sunlight, too much drinking can cause skin irritation in people using Retin-A.
Get plenty of water. You should drink four glasses of water a day unless you are sweating heavily. If you are sweating a lot, of course, drink more water.
Beautiful hands and nails have been revered since antiquity. In ancient Egypt, the hand was the symbol of fortitude; to the ancient Romans, hands represented fidelity. If your hands and nails fall short as symbols of such grace, take heart. A few simple and natural skin-care routines will smooth your hangnails, torn cuticles, and dry, rough skin. And they won't cost you a kingdom or take eons to achieve. Here are three easy steps toward achieving hands worthy of their mythical status.
Get the Nutrients You Need
Your hands are barometers of your overall health — which is why medical professionals routinely examine a patient's fingernails. Nails suffer from even marginal nutritional deficiencies because your body allocates nutrients first to those organs that are essential for life, such as the heart and brain.
Although a well-balanced diet is crucial to general health, there are some common nutrient deficiencies that manifest in the nails.
Starting with iron, which among other tasks supplies oxygen to our cells. People deficient in iron often have pale nail beds, brittle nails, ridges, dark nails. If you suspect an iron deficiency, request a blood test from your medical professional.
Another reason for problematic nails can be a lack of essential fatty acids, or EFAs, which are healthy fats, such as flaxseed oil, borage oil and evening primrose oil. It is suggested that by taking one tablespoon of EFAs daily, and after four months, your nails will be noticeably glossier and more flexible.
Also important are biotin and the B vitamins, both of which help hands and nails use oxygen, absorb iron and metabolize other nutrients. A biotin deficiency can cause brittle nails, nail ridges, fragile and peeling nails. Sulfur also is essential to building nail hardness because it helps bind keratin in the nail.
Protect from the Elements
Today, skin experts advise to keep your nails away from water and detergent, even when soaking in the tub. Nails are porous, not water-repellent like skin; immersing them in water makes them soft and dry, leaving them brittle and prone to breaking. Exposing your hands and nails to cleaning fluids is another obvious way to lose luster, suppleness and strength.
The absolute worst on the nail-drying scale is nail polish remover containing acetone, and the solvents in some nail polish. Plus, chemical nail hardeners can, over time, actually leave nails more brittle.
Wear gloves for housework and use a moisturizer on hands and nails to keep them from drying out. It is suggested the you use an alpha-hydroxy acid moisturizer on hands. As skin dries out, it thickens, leaving it less able to absorb moisture. Alpha-hydroxy acids remove the dry, flaky outer layer of skin cells, normalizing the skin's thickness and thus allowing for better moisture absorption and more supple-feeling skinDuraLac™ by Beauty Classics® is a good high quality alpha-hydroxy moisturizer and is available without a prescription in our Pharmacist Formulary Products List.
Sun, wind and soil also can damage hands and nails. Sun exposure can cause age spots and loss of skin elasticity, while the wind can dry your skin. And, as every gardener knows, even wearing gloves doesn't keep soil from embedding under nails. In addition to wearing gloves during gardening, it is advisable to first moisturizing hands and nails, running a waxy lip balm across the nails to seal the moisture, and even scraping the nails lightly across a bar of soap.
Among other topical protectants for your skin is alpha lipoic acid, which is an antioxidant that can protect hands from the effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun and other free radicals that cause signs of aging. Because alpha lipoic acid is both water- and fat-soluble, it can enter all portions of the skin cell. Alpha lipoic acid used topically rapidly penetrates the skin to boost levels of existing antioxidants. Applying it to the hands for six to 12 months can lighten age spots.
As the major antioxidant in skin, it's also important to replenish vitamin C in your hands because it's easily destroyed by UV radiation — in fact, as much as 80 percent of the skin's vitamin C stores can be depleted by 45 minutes of exposure to mid-day sun. Vitamin C Ester is fat-soluble and can penetrate the skin better than water-soluble vitamin C. Vitamin E taken daily also helps moisturize dry nails and hands.
"Your motto should be, 'never have naked hands,'" "Wear sunscreen to protect against the sun, gloves to protect against cold weather and soil, and moisturizer at all times."
Follow a Daily Routine
Beautiful Hands and Nails Regimen can take just 10 minutes a day.
Clean Every morning, brush nails and cuticles lightly with a natural bristle nail brush wetted with castile soap to remove dead skin cells and dirt. Eventually, you may want to reduce brushing to two to three times a week.
Protect After brushing, rub nails and cuticles with a waxy lip balm that includes a sunscreen to seal in moisture. Reapply as needed during the day.
Moisturize In the morning, apply a rich moisturizer with a sunscreen and reapply whenever washing hands or immersing them in water. Apply a heavier nighttime cream in the evening.
Nourish Just before bed by massaging a special 'nail butter' into your hands by mixing emollients such as apricot kernel oil, lecithin and white beeswax. Added vitamin E oil works well for hangnails, while lanolin heals cracked fingertips and splitting nails.
You can make your hands a statement of beauty by eating a good diet, protecting them from the elements, avoiding harsh chemicals and following a daily routine. Once these basics are in place, beauty treatments such as natural nail colors and proper filing techniques will be merely the trimming on your eloquently prepared hands and nails.
Unlike the usual prescriptions, wearing your nutrients is often better than taking them when it comes to sunburn. Here are the doses that some doctors say work best against sun damage.
50-200 micrograms (l-selenomethionine)
400 international units (d-alpha-tocopherol), taken before sun exposure 2,000 international units, taken as 5 divided doses for 1 or 2 days after sun exposure
10% lotion (C-SkinPlex)
5%-100% cream or oil (E-SkinPlex), applied after sun exposure
As an ointment
rotecting Yourself from Harmful Rays
You're all ready for a day at the beach. You have a blanket, a radio and a big bottle of baby oil...oops. Nix the oil. You've heard the warnings about ultraviolet rays and skin cancer, so it's on with the sunscreen instead, right?
a sun worshiper to do--carry a parasol? That certainly helps, say the experts. Limiting your time in the sun, especially during midday hours, is absolutely essential. And if you want some extra protection, take your vitamins and minerals. According to research, oral supplements of vitamin E and selenium, as well as topical applications of vitamins C and E, can give your sunscreen a boost by partially preventing the skin damage that occurs once you've been exposed.
Sunlight exposes skin to two types of ultraviolet rays: UVA and UVB. UVB rays are high-intensity rays absorbed by the surface of the skin. They are the primary cause of sunburn and immediate skin damage. UVA rays are of lower intensity, but they penetrate below the skin's surface, causing long-term damage such as premature wrinkles.
Both types do significant damage by forming free radicals, unstable molecules that steal electrons from your body's healthy molecules to stabilize themselves. Though some free radicals are formed during everyday functions such as breathing, environmental stress factors such as sun exposure create additional ammounts of them.
Although you have natural defenses against free radicals generated by sun exposure, they often aren't enough. Sunscreen does a good job of protecting you, but many brands still block predominantly UVB rays. Even those that block both UVB and UVA rays generally allow some exposure. Look for a sunscreen labeled "broad-spectrum coverage," And look for the ingredients oxybenzone and methoxycinnamate, which absorb some UVA rays. Remember that only clothing and zinc oxide totally block UVB and UVA rays.
Fortunately for your skin and your body, there are chemical substances that mop up free radicals by offering them electrons, sparing healthy molecules from harm. These substances, known as antioxidants, include vitamins C and E and the mineral selenium. Sun exposure, however, quickly depletes your skin's supply of these antioxidants.
Although you can get some protection through oral supplementation of these nutrients, researchers agree that the best protection generally comes from topical application. Currently, you have to apply a separate cream along with your sunscreen, but some researchers hope that future sunscreens will have the nutrients built right in.
"No one is proposing that vitamins will ever replace sunscreen, but they can make sunsreen better. It would also be nice to replace some of the chemicals in sunscreen with vitamins. "Right now, we're soaking in all of these chemicals that are photodecomposing into unknown compounds. And because there are no lifetime studies, we can't make the blanket statement that they are completely safe."
Information about adding vitamins and minerals to your sun protection regimen.
The Vitamin C Solution
Vitamin C is well-known for its role as a collagen (skin tissue) builder when used topically. It's also a pretty impressive sun protectant. Vitamin C creams can't absorb ultraviolet rays. But it’s not a sunscreen.
"Sunscreen is a chemical that acts as a shield and absorbs ultraviolet light, so you're not as red. "Vitamin C is a photoprotectant. It possibly works by scavenging the free radicals caused by sun exposure."
Also, unlike sunscreen, you can't wash off vitamin C. "Once you put it on, it's soaked into your skin. "You can't rub it off."
To measure vitamin C's effectiveness, researchers at Duke University Medical Center studied ten fair-skinned individuals. They found that when the volunteers applied a 10 percent vitamin C solution, the amount of ultraviolet light needed for them to burn increased by an average of 22 percent for nine of them. And once they did burn, half of the volunteers experienced much less severe burns than they would have without the solution.
Can you get the same protection from eating a lot of oranges?
No, because you just can't eat enough oranges, The preparation Vitamin C cream C-SkinPlex™ provides far more--20 to 40 times more--vitamin C to the skin than you could achieve by ingesting the vitamin.
C-SkinPlex™ is available without a prescription from our Pharmacist Formulary Clear Skin Care Products List. For best results, apply the liquid cream daily and after a sunburn. For sunbathing, apply along with sunscreen 15 to 30 minutes before sun exposure. Used alone, C-SkinPlex™ is not an appropriate beach product.
xtra Protection with Vitamin E
Like vitamin C, vitamin E is a free radical scavenger. But unlike vitamin C, vitamin E is being recommended for after-sun use, rather than pre-sun use, to soothe your skin and prevent a burn after exposure.
In fact, it's even effective if you apply it a half-day later, but it's better to do it as soon as possible. In studies using laboratory animals, the researchers found that vitamin E acetate, which converts to vitamin E in the body, prevented inflammation, skin sensitivity and skin damage when applied up to eight hours following UVB exposure.
Currently, it is not recommend that people apply vitamin E before sun exposure, because when vitamin E is exposed to ultraviolet light it produces a free radical, which in itself can be damaging. "But if you fall asleep in the sun and start to get a sunburn that you want to prevent from getting worse, vitamin E oil is a good idea."
Vitamin E can also work from the inside out. As an oral supplement, it can significantly reduce the inflammation and skin damage caused by sun exposure. If you are inadvertently exposed to sun, take a lot of vitamin E: five capsules of 400 international units each for one to two days, it is recommended, for optimum protection it is also recommended you take daily supplements of 400 international units of vitamin E in the form of d-alpha-tocopherol. (It's okay to take oral vitamin E before you go out in the sun.)
To boost your intake of vitamin E, try cooking with sunflower oil or safflower oil and adding more nuts, almonds, whole grains and wheat germ to your daily fare. Vitamin E oil E-SkinPlex™ and vitamin E fortified creams can be bought over the counter in drugstores.
elenium is essential too
Like vitamins C and E, the mineral selenium can quench free radicals at the cellular level thereby reducing the inflammation and skin damage associated with too much sun.
You can get some of the benefits by taking selenium supplements.
For best results take 50 to 200 micrograms of selenium in the form of l-selenomethionine, depending on where you live and your family history of cancer. The best food sources of selenium include fish such as tuna and salmon as well as cabbage. Selenium can be toxic in doses exceeding 100 micrograms daily; such high amounts should be taken only under medical supervision.
The white stuff that lifeguards wear on their noses? It's zinc oxide, and it's a great skin protectant. Available as Beauty Classics® ZincOxide-SkinPlex™ paste.
Zinc is acting as a physical blocker of ultraviolet light here, and it does a terrific job.
If you don't like the white, zinc oxide is now being broken down into nearly invisible particles and put into sunblocks. It's also available in designer colors.
Remember, since zinc works as a topical barrier, upping your dietary zinc may make you healthier, but it won't protect your skin.
Although there are no foods that you can eat to protect your skin from the sun, there are a few that can add fuel to the fire. Here's what you might want to avoid before a day at the shore.
While you certainly shouldn't stop eating carrots, these vegetables, along with celery, parsley, parsnips and limes, contain psoralens, a chemical that may make you unusually sensitive to the sun.
Although most people would have to eat huge amounts of these foods before they would have problems, some people are really sensitive to these chemicals. For them, the effects can be quite nasty.
And even if you're not psoralens-sensitive, you should wash your hands after handling these fruits and vegetables, because anyone's skin can be more susceptible to burning after direct contact with the chemical.
Adult Acne and New treatment help
If diligent use of over-the-counter acne products isn't bringing relief to troubled skin, see your dermatologist about the newest prescription acne fighters. But do it sooner rather than later. Most prescription acne treatments take about six weeks before they start showing any effect-a long time if your outbreaks leave scars. The following are the most recent innovations that may hold the key to clearer, more luminous skin.
Retinoids are usually among the first treatments of choice for most types of acne. They are thought to battle blemishes via a comedolytic action: They loosen and expel what's blocking pores and prevent new pimples from forming. There are three newest entrants 1. Tretinoin in a Microsponge delivery system (Retin-A Micro), 2. Adapalene (Differin), and 3. Tazarotene (Zorac). These products offer another avenue of treatment for people who haven't responded well to what was previously the only available retinoid, Retin-A gel or cream.
Sodium sulfacetamide lotion (Klaron), unlike most anti-acne medications which leave the skin dry and irritated, contains an antibacterial agent that inhibits bacterial growth while also moisturizing the skin. It may also reduce the inflammation involved in acne. As it's a previously existing drug that has been reformulated and relaunched, it's still a little early to determine its effectiveness for acne. It is believed that it's particularly suited for adult women because it can go on under makeup without difficulty. It is also recommended it be used it in conjunction with other acne treatments.
Azelaic acid is thought to work both by inhibiting bacterial growth and by comedolytic action. Azelaic acid (Azelex) seems to take longer to work than the retinoids, but might cause less skin sensitivity. Better results might be obtained if you used it in conjunction with other acne products. Since azelaic acid can lighten skin, darker-skinned individuals may need to watch out for hypopigmentation.
Top Tips for Year-Round Skin Care
Just as you should pack away your heavy winter coat when the temperatures start to rise in April and pull it out of the closet when they dip again in November, so should you change your skin care regimen from season to season.
Unless you live in an area with a near-constant year-round climate, your skin care routine should fluctuate somewhat, depending on the time of year. And the extreme seasons—summer and winter—deserve special mention.
The top priority in the summer is to protect your skin from the damaging rays of the sun. Not only do those rays cause skin cancer, they can cause wrinkles and age spots, making you look years older than you really are.
A good sunscreen (in a light, summer-friendly lotion) is the way to go. "For incidental sun exposure, look for a moisturizing lotion with an SPF of 15," such as the Beauty Classics® Dry Skin Fluid™ class of high quality Pharmacist Formulary Brand of body lotions.
If you plan to spend any time in the sun, a broad-spectrum sunscreen from the Beauty Classics® SunSkinPlex™ brand of high quality Pharmacist Formulary Sunscreen Products may work best, protecting you from both UVA and UVB rays.
If you’re concerned that a broad-spectrum sunscreen might be too heavy or conspicuous, you needn’t worry. Most are available in lotion form, and even some products that contain physical blocks—such as zinc oxide—are practically invisible. You can wear these sunscreens under your makeup.There’s no whitening, so no one will even know you’re wearing them.
Many home-heating sources can wreak havoc on your skin, turning that supple outer layer into something even an alligator couldn’t live in. winter’s dry indoor heat dries skin out more. So you’ll need a heavier cream moisturizer to make up the difference, especially on your hands and face, since those areas are most exposed to the elements and tend to be washed more often." Don’t forget your nails! "The dry air can also cause nails to split. "You’ll want to work your moisturizer into both your hands and nails." There’s nothing like a nice, hot bath on a winter’s night. But no matter how soothing and comforting that bath (or shower) feels, the hot water simply leeches the moisture out of your skin. "In the wintertime, not only do we tend to stay in the shower longer, we also turn the temperature way up to keep warm, which makes our skin drier." Your best bet? Take a warm—not hot—shower. While you’re at it, try cleansing with a beauty bar. "The detergent in your regular soap may be too drying. "It’s also a good idea to buy an inexpensive humidifier or put a pot of water on the stove to boil for steam. "Aim for a household humidity of about 30 percent." Keep tabs on the humidity by buying a gauge (about $20) available at most electronics stores.
All year long
No matter what the season, it’s a good idea to apply your moisturizer-sunscreen such as Beauty Classics® brand of body lotions Dry Skin Fluid™ or Beauty Classics® brand of body creamsDry Skin Cream™ every single day, first thing in the morning and at night. "Just because you’re indoors more during certain seasons doesn’t mean you’re not getting casual sun exposure. If you apply your sunscreen every morning, especially to your face, it becomes a habit and you don’t have to think about it again.
Good bye Acne!
If you think acne is just for teenagers? Think again. Although most teenagers and young adults suffer from some form of this condition, lots of adults have to cope with it, too. Acne is a disease, not a stage of life, and needs to be treated. Acne can ruin the psychological development of teenagers and scar them for life both mentally and physically, but even the most severe cases can be controlled.
Luckily, for many people with acne-prone skin, good home care and a few over-the-counter (OTC) products are all it takes to keep their complexion clear and smooth. Some examples include: salicyclic acid cleanser or a better combination product with an anti-bacterial component such as Beauty Classics® Aqua Deep Clean™ Face Wash followed by a mild Non-Alcoholic Toner such as Beauty Classics® Acne Control Toner™ that will further Tone and moisturize the skin without stripping it away, a mild soap and a benzoyl peroxide lotion Such as Beauty Classics® DermaBenz™ lotion. Remember not to scrub your face; it will only inflame and irritate an already sensitive area. See a dermatologist if you don't respond to home and over-the-counter (OTC) treatments after two months. They have a wide range of treatments at their disposal, including retinoic acid, topical antibacterials or antibiotics, oral antibiotics, birth control pills, isotretinoin, laser treatments and surgery.
Safe-Sun Tips For Young and Old
Avoid reflective surfaces, such as sand or water, which can reflect up to 85 percent of the sun's damaging rays.
Make applying a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a minimum SPF of 15 SunSkinPlex™as much a part of your year-round daily routine as brushing your teeth.
Make sure there's a tube of sunscreen SunSkinPlex™ in your car, golf bag or back pack for last-minute sun activities.
Reapply sunscreen SunSkinPlex™ every two hours after you've been in the sun or water - even if it claims to be "waterproof."
Check the UV Index in the morning paper or on the TV or radio before you go out. Then take the necessary steps to stay sun-safe.
If you're in the sun and there's shade nearby, stand under it. If there's no shade, bring your own (i.e., a hat with a 4-inch brim).
Wear sunglasses and tightly-woven protective clothing. Dark colors give more protection.
Let the sunscreen SunSkinPlex™ dry on your skin for 20 to 30 minutes before going outside. It takes that long for the chemicals to start working; this also helps ensure that it stays on your skin where it belongs. And try to avoid being in the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.
Put your sunscreen SunSkinPlex™ on yourself when you slather it on your kids. Not only will you also be protected, you'll be a good role model, too.
Spread the word about sunscreens SunSkinPlex™ and the dangers of skin cancer to friends and family members. You could save a life!
- Sunscreens SunSkinPlex™ combined with other skin-care products (such as moisturizers Dry Skin Fluid™ or Dry Skin Cream™ ) are real time-savers. Just make sure that the sunscreen in the product has an SPF of at least 15.
Your Skin-Care Primer
Since your face is what you-and the world - sees right off the bat, it's important to keep it clean and healthy and looking its very best. Here's how:
There isn't just one best way to wash your face. But different types of skin may need different kinds of soap.
Oily skin: The best way to clean oily skin is by washing a few times a day with plain soap and water. If you want to wash your face but aren't near any water, try using a premoistened cleansing pad or the new oil absorbing gel that's available at most drug stores.
Dry skin: Switch back and forth every day between a beauty bar or gentle liquid cleanser Beauty Classics® Aqua Deep Clean™. For extra-dry skin, try a milky or creamy cleanser.
Combination skin: If your skin is oilier on your forehead, nose, and chin (T-zone) but drier on your cheeks and around your upper eyes, you'll need to wash your face with a beauty bar two or three times a day to get rid of the extra oil.
HELP FOR DRY SKIN
Whether you suffer from dry skin once in a while or fight it all year round, there are lots of things you can do to make yourself feel better.
Here are a few ways to take care of your skin at home:
Double up. "When you use a moisturizer such as Beauty Classics® brand of body lotionsDry Skin Fluid™ or Beauty Classics® brand of body creamsDry Skin Cream™ on your face, use the ones with an SPF of 15. "That way you can moisturize and prevent skin cancer, lines and wrinkles without even thinking about it."
Use a heavier moisturizer. When home-heating sources start wreaking havoc on your skin, turning that supple outer layer into something even an alligator couldn't live in. You'll need a heavier cream moisturizer such as Beauty Classics® brand of body creams Dry Skin Cream™ to make up the difference, especially on your hands and face.
Say "so long" to hot baths. Hot water zaps the moisture out of your skin. Your best bet? Take a warm shower instead.
WHEN TO SEE A DERMATOLOGIST
"If you have dry skin that's not responding to over-the-counter (OTC) treatments and you're concerned about it, see a dermatologist.